In order to finalise the purchase of your house, you must submit various documents that identify the property and that confirm the legitimacy of the owner and the buyer:
The acquisition of property in Portugal, because it is subject to the payment of taxes, requires that you register with the Tax Authorities to obtain the corresponding taxpayer identification number;
1. Land Registry Certificate (Certidão do Registo Predial)
The information made available by the land registry tells you about the composition of a certain building, the legitimacy of the person intending to sell the property and the types of encumbrance that may affect it (mortgages, collateral, etc).
2. Title Certificate (Caderneta Predial)
This document may be requested from any tax office. It contains information about the property’s tax situation and can be used to find out which entity is responsible for meeting fiscal obligations related to the property.
3. Usage Licence (Licença de Utilização)
The purpose of the Usage Licence is to certify the intended use of the property, and that it is suitable for its licensed purpose. This licence must be requested from the City Council of the district where the property is located. However, proof of the licence request may be submitted along with the purchase agreement if the licence is yet to be issued.
4. Housing Technical Datasheet (Ficha Técnica de Habitação)
The Housing Technical Datasheet is a document that describes the main technical and functional characteristics of a property. It must be requested directly from the City Council of the district where the property is located.
5.Energy Certificate (Certificado Energético)
As of January 2009, building energy certificate is a legal requirement for all properties sold in Portugal. Certification involves a qualified engineer visiting the property for sale and assessing the home to determine its thermal efficiency. The energy certificate is a legal requirement for all properties which are sold or rented.
6. Proof of prior payment of the Municipal Tax on Property Transactions involving valuable consideration (Guia comprovativo do pagamento prévio do Imposto Municipal de Transações Onerosas de Imóveis)
7. Photocopies of the ID cards (or equivalent identity document) and of the taxpayer cards of the contracting parties.
8. Exhibition of a power of attorney if any party is represented by a proxy.
Keep in mind that situations may arise in which the so-called legal pre-emption right may apply to the property in question, which may be exercised by the City Council or by the Directorate General of Cultural Heritage, in the case of the sale of classified property or property pending classification or located in protected zones.In these situations, you must obtain proof from the City Council or the Directorate General of Cultural Heritage that they have waived their respective legal pre-emption right (comprovativo da renúncia).
FIND OUT NOW WHERE AND HOW YOU CAN BUY OR SELL A PROPERTY:
At any notary office – By entering into a public document, which is then obligatorily sent for registration at a Land Registry Office.
At a Casa Pronta Service Desk – “Casa Pronta” is a one-stop service desk where you can carry out all operations relating to purchasing and selling property. date list of land registry offices and services where the “Casa Pronta” service desk is available on the website.
Other methods – through lawyers, chambers of commerce and industry or solicitors; through the Association of Real Estate Mediation Professionals and Companies (Porto, Coimbra, Lisbon and Vilamoura), provided that the service is requested by an associated company; through any of the real estate mediation companies forming part of the “Casa Pronta” service desk service.
Property purchases are concluded with a registration entry in the Land Registry Office.
A certificate to prove ownership of the property is issued along with this registration entry.